Tuesday, June 18th, 2019
a.m Flagging of the National Flag. 08:15 14th Meeting of the Governing Council.
11:00 a.m Launch Ceremony of the 2019/2020 Safra Plan. 12 a.m Mr PR. Marco
Feliciano (PODE / SP). 2:30 p.m Joice Hasselmann (PSL / SP), Government Leader
in the National Congress; Deputy José Nelto (PODE / GO), Líder do Podemos in
the Chamber of Deputies, and Bancada do Podemos. 3:30 p.m Paulo Guedes,
Minister of State for the Economy; Tereza Cristina, Minister of State for
Agriculture, Livestock and Supply; Deputy Fausto Pinato (PP / SP), President of
the Joint Parliamentary Front in Defense of the Brazilian Beverage Industry;
members and coordinators. 4:00 p.m. Abraham Weintraub, Minister of State for
Education. 4:30 p.m Heraldo Pereira, Journalist. 5:00 p.m Solemnity of Sanction
of the Law to Combat Social Security Fraud
Araújo: 08:15 Government Board Meeting. 11:00 a.m. Safra
Plan Launching Ceremony 2019-2020. 3:00 p.mMeeting with the Secretariat of
Foreign Trade and Economic Policy - SPCOM. 5:00 p.m Dispatch with the Secretary
General of Foreign Affairs, Ambassador Otávio Brandelli. 5:30 p.m. Mr Nilson
Pinto de Oliveira. 6:00 p.m Internal dispatches
overtaken by Pakistan in list of the world's most populous countries:
most populous country in the world since the end of World War II, Brazil was
overtaken by Pakistan in 2017 and now occupies the sixth position in the
ranking, with 211 million inhabitants, according to a United Nations report
released on Monday (17).
By 2100, the country
should be surpassed by Nigeria, Ethiopia, Democratic Republic of Congo,
Tanzania, Egypt and Angola, ranking 12th.
The report, called World Population Prospects, is released every two years by the UN
Population Division and brings analyzes to 235 countries and areas based on
national census information, sample surveys and historical trends.
projections, that is, demographic trends that are subject to change because
they depend on technological changes, medical advances, political conditions
and customs that can change in an unpredictable way.
According to the
document, Brazil is growing at a slower pace than the global average, and the
country's population is expected to reach its peak in 2045, with 229.6 million
people - the forecast for the world's population is it will stop growing only
at the end of the century.
From 2046, the
number of people in Brazil is expected to decline to 180.7 million by 2100.
According to the projection, the country will lose about 50 million inhabitants
in that period.
The number of older
people, however, should continue to grow, with their peak reaching only in
2075, according to forecasts.
The data also show
that the trend towards an aging world population, as evidenced by the UN
report, is even more intense in Brazil.
By 2050, for
example, it is predicted that 29.4% of the population in the country is 60
years old or more - eight percentage points above the planet's average. At the
end of the century, they can reach 40.1% of the total.
The fastest growing
band is those who are 80 or older. If in 1950 they were only 0.3% of
Brazilians, they are currently 2% and by 2050, they should reach 6.7% of the
In the world, they
were 0.6% in 1950, are 1.9% today and will reach 4.4% in 30 years. That is, the
distance of the proportion of this age group in Brazil in relation to the
global average is increasing and should continue in this trend.
Another finding of
the study is that Brazil lost to Chile the country with the lowest fertility
rate (average number of children born alive per woman). While in the period
between 2010 and 2015 this index was 1.77 in Brazil and 1.85 in Chile, in the
period between 2015 and 2020 Chile fell to 1.65 while Brazil has 1.74.
"There is still
no study of the causes, but the number has dropped a lot in Chile," said
Helena Castanheira, population affairs official at the Latin American
Demographic Center (CELADE), the Economic Commission for Latin America and the
The UN projects a drop
in fertility in Brazil until 2040 and then a progressive increase. "We
rely on the experience of developed countries, which shows that the fertility
rate goes down and then recovers. The numbers of this recovery depend on the
trajectory of each country," he says. (2019/06/18)