Politics in Brazil
Thursday, November 7th, 2019
President Jair Bolsonaro: Ronaldo Costa Filho, First Class Minister of the Diplomat Career of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at 10am. Ernesto Araújo, Minister of State of Foreign Affairs at 11am. RR Soares, Missionary of the International Church of the Grace of God at 3pm.
Minister Ernesto Araújo: Order with the President of the Republic at 11am. Working luncheon with the Minister of Education, Abraham Weintraub at 1pm. Senators Esperidião Amin, Jorginho Mello, Dario Berger and Leila at 4pm. Honduran Foreign Minister Lisandro Rosales at 5pm. Internal orders at 5:30pm. Minister of Foreign Affairs of Colombia, Mr. Carlos Holmes Trujillo García at 6pm. Dinner with the Argentine Minister of Foreign Affairs and Worship, Jorge Faurie at 8pm.
Brasil Argentina relations
Osmar Terra will travel to Argentina for possession of Alberto Fernández (November 7th)
After openly denying the possibility of traveling to Argentina to participate in the inauguration of the newly elected president of the country, Alberto Fernández, Jair Bolsonaro decided to send the Minister of Citizenship, Osmar Terra, to be the representative of the Brazilian government at the ceremony, scheduled for December 10th.
The information was confirmed by Terra's advisory on Wednesday (6/11). Thus, it will be the first time since 2002 that a Brazilian president has not been to the neighboring country to honor Argentine presidential inauguration. In 2002, then-country representative Fernando Henrique Cardoso was not in Buenos Aires during the inauguration of Eduardo Duhalde.
From 1993 to 1996, Terra was mayor of Santa Rosa (RS), a city near the border between Brazil and Argentina. In addition, during some years of the military dictatorship, the minister lived in the Argentine capital.
Fernández's victory was not welcomed by Bolsonaro, who made a choir in favor of Mauricio Macri's reelection in the election campaign. After the result of the election, the Brazilian president even said that Argentina had chosen badly and still did not congratulate Fernández for the election.
The head of Planalto Palace was also uncomfortable with Fernández's attitude in calling for the freedom of former Brazilian President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva during his first speech as president-elect and posting a photo, hours before the election results, making the "L" gesture with one hand - in reference to the "free Lula" movement.
Given this scenario, the tendency is that the relationship between the two is strictly pragmatic. Bolsonaro has already signaled that he will make no effort on his part to seek a closer relationship with Fernández, such as his good relationship with Macri, but has assured that he will not retaliate on relations with Argentina and expects the president-elect in the neighboring country a commercially similar stance to that of his rival in the elections.
Under command of Eduardo Bolsonaro, House committee approves repudiation of Argentine president-elect (November 7th)
The Foreign Affairs Committee of House approved on Wednesday, 6, a repudiation motion to the President - elect of Argentina, Alberto Fernández, for defending the freedom of former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. The Committee is chaired by Deputy Eduardo Bolsonaro (PSL-SP), who posted on his Twitter justification of the request against the Argentine.
"For disrespect for the decisions of the judicial institutions of the Brazilian State, for breach of international decorum that values good diplomatic relations, for political activism in domestic affairs of Brazil and for the dislike of a significant portion of the Brazilian population," posted Eduardo, copying an excerpt from petition in which Deputy Luiz Philippe de Orleans and Bragança (PSL-SP), his ally, presented to the committee.
On Argentina's election day, Fernández congratulated Lula on his birthday and called the petista's arrest "unfair." The Argentine also published a photo making a letter L by hand, in reference to the Free Lula movement. “Congratulations to you, dear Lula. I hope to see you soon ", published the Argentine president.
President Jair Bolsonaro, Eduardo's father, had already criticized Fernández for the same reason . In Abhu Dabi, where he was the day after the election in the neighboring country, the Brazilian lamented the defeat of Mauricio Macri and said that the Argentines "chose badly". “Fernández's first act was 'Lula Livre', saying that he is unjustly imprisoned. I told you what you came for, ”Bolsonaro said at the time.
The motion to repudiate was the only proposal voted on Wednesday in the commission chaired by Eduardo. For about two hours, the opposition tried to unsuccessfully overturn the application.
"How do you treat the third largest trading partner in the country this way?", Asked Deputy Ivan Valente (PSOL-SP).
The motion to reject Fernández was approved in a symbolic vote, but Deputies Arlindo Chinaglia (PT-SP) and Henrique Fontana (PT-RS) registered their votes.
Brazil charges more Brics action on crisis in Venezuela (November 6th):
Ambassador Norberto Moretti, chief negotiator of Brazil in the BRIC countries said on Tuesday, 5, to the other bloc countries (Russia, India, China and South Africa ) should pay more attention to the Brazilian government's position on the crisis in Venezuela. The statements were given a week from the BRICS summit, to be held in Brasilia, on the 13th and 14th.
Moretti said Itamaraty is still trying to include dialogues about the Venezuelan crisis. All heads of state - Chinese Xi Jinping , Russian Vladimir Putin , South African Cyril Ramaphosa and Indian Narendra Modi - have confirmed their presence and will also attend bilateral meetings with President Jair Bolsonaro.
“Brazil listens with great attention, consideration and deference to the opinion of our partners about their respective regional situations and expects the same attitude from the others. With all due respect to any country's position and understanding of what happens in Venezuela, we are neighbors, we face the practical consequences of what happens in Venezuela, ”said Moretti.
“We believe that Brazil's assessment of the situation should be listened to very carefully by the other members of Brics.”
The Venezuelan crisis divides the bloc. Brazil has a different position from the other members. While Bolsonaro recognizes opponent Juan Guaidó as interim president and opposes the Chavist regime, China, Russia, India and South Africa see the election of President Nicolás Maduro as legitimate .
China is one of the main sources of revenue of the Chavist government and has reportedly invested about $ 60 billion since the 2000s in loans linked to oil purchase contracts, financing and partnerships. The Chinese are the largest importers of oil in the world and Venezuela, although it has a poor production, is a supplier of the product.
Russia also acts as the lifeline of Chavism. Since 2010, Rosneft , the Russian state oil company, has put US$ 9 billion in Venezuela. At the last meeting with Maduro, Putin promised to invest another US $ 16.6 billion by the end of the year. Because the Venezuelan government is targeted by US sanctions - which restrict the country's access to the global financial system - dollar-laden planes often fly Moscow-Caracas .
According to Bloomberg , citing documents from ImportGenius, between May 2018 and April 2019, $ 315 million in dollar and euro bills were sent in six shipments from Russia to Venezuela.
Russian projects, however, go beyond financing the Venezuelan bureaucracy and also affect a strategic sector: the military. Chavismo has become one of the Kremlin's best customers, buying from Sukhoi fighters to a sophisticated and expensive air defense system.
The other two Brics countries also have interests in Venezuela. India is one of the most oil consuming countries in the world and needs to maintain a diverse source of importers. In March, the country became the largest buyer of Venezuelan oil. There was an interruption in buying, resumed in October. Indians pay cash, unlike China and Russia, which write off debt.
In the case of South Africa, the relationship is ideological. During the Cold War, several African resistance movements were supported by socialist regimes. Former presidents Nelson Mandela and Thabo Mbeki have always been grateful to those who advocated the cause. Hugo Chavez was able to expand the action by distributing oil in Africa in exchange for diplomatic support.
In Brazil, one of the priorities of the foreign exchange policy, Maduro's departure from power, therefore, clashes with the interests of the group. “Brazil has sought to maintain a permanent, respectful and serene dialogue with the other members of BRICS and other countries of the international community about Venezuela. It is perfectly possible that there will be parallel talk about Venezuela, ”said Moretti.
Throughout the year, diplomats from the five members of Brics have tried to reach agreement on the Venezuelan crisis, without success. Behind the scenes, scholars hope that the Brasilia Declaration, a joint document signed by the bloc's leaders after the summit, will contain at most a generic manifestation of the Venezuelan case.
"Certainly, the statement will cover political and economic issues, some of them difficult, delicate," said Moretti. “In no national or international forum, grouping, council or collegiate is there necessarily a coincidence of views. It is an ordinary fact. ”