Politics in Brazil
Wednesday, November 13th, 2019
With Bolsonaro, country can win an ultra-right party (Nov. 13th):
With Jair Bolsonaro, the country can
win an ultra-right party. The legend the president wants to create arises from reactionary values, populism and pure personalism.
Brazil's apparent backbone of the
Alliance fit into a sequence of publications by Eduardo Bolsonaro. In the first sentence, the deputy announces the creation of the acronym in order to free the population "from the destruction of Christian and moral values".
In a few lines, he repeats this formula and concludes with a summary of the new party's principles: "faith, honesty and family."
The manifest essay is loaded with
messianic tones. He speaks of the "new Brazilian course" and what he calls "the true union with the people," as if Jair were the only one who could represent him. Without modesty, he also mentions a "historic
moment" and the "lonely cry" of his father, which would echo with the creation of the caption.
This, of course, not to mention the
open defense of dictatorships and torturers, which the great proponents of the acronym make a point of defending publicly and at all times.
The party seems to be inspired by
the Arena (National Renewing Alliance), which supported the military regime. His 1975 manifesto mentioned the union of Brazilians and an alliance with the people, but did not appeal as much to Christian values as Eduardo
The party can become a vehicle for
the dissemination of radical ideas, such as Spanish Vox and German AfD. These two subtitles still fight for power in their countries, while the Alliance is born at the top.
The migration of PSL members to the
new subtitle should accelerate a purge of pockets and define at what point in the political spectrum the group most in tune with the president will operate.
If only the most faithful follow Bolsonaro,
as it seems clear so far, there will be room for more extreme positions. They tend to excel in environments of strong religious appeal and loyalty to a leader who holds such positions.
'They opened the door and allowed us entry,' says Guaidó ambassador to Brazil (Nov. 13th):
Ambassador María Teresa Belandria,
who represents self-proclaimed Venezuelan President Juan Guaidó, told Folha that the entry of oppositionists from dictator Nicolás Maduro at the embassy of the neighboring country in Brasilia was only invited
"A group of Maduro regime officials
have decided to recognize Guaido as legitimate president and voluntarily surrender the embassy headquarters. They opened the door and allowed entry," Belandria said on Wednesday in a telephone conversation with the report.
The ambassador, who received President Jair Bolsonaro's credentials in June, said her number two, Minister Counselor Tomás Silva, had peacefully entered the building.
According to Belandria, representatives
of the diplomacy of Guaidó in Brazil were warned that they would have authorization around 4 am on Wednesday, Brasília time.
The ambassador said she was traveling
to Washington, USA, and was only warned about the act when she landed on US territory.
According to her, Guaidó's
allies were surprised by a group of Maduro supporters living there. Her reports are that there was no riot until dawn, but that between 6 am and 7 am a representative of the Venezuelan government arrived and there was violence
when military police and Itamaraty were fired.
She appointed the current Venezuelan
military attaché, Manuel António Barroso, Maduro's ally, as responsible for the beginning of the riot.
According to Belandria, around 7 am,
the Cuban ambassador to Brazil arrived on the scene accompanied by social movements and Brazilian citizens. She accuses Maduro's wing of injuring three embassy people.
"The facts are that one group
decided to work with us, others refused, such as Manuel Barroso, and unfortunately the violence came from them," he said.
Belandria states that supporters of
Guaidó are in contact with the Brazilian Ministry of Foreign Relations, which help in resolving the impasse.
She says she has proposed to those
who disagree with her management to leave the place with the assurance that they will not be expelled to Venezuela.
Asked whether entry into Venezuela
coincides with the start of the BRICS Summit - which has among its allied members of Maduro such as Russia and China - she says she cannot speculate.
"I can't speculate. I am interested
in what happens to the embassy and we offer employees who do not want to work with Guaido that we will not ask them to be expelled or have to return to Venezuela. But nothing has convinced them. We offer: work with us, don't
want to? They can go out and they won't be expelled."
Brazil-US automatic alignment causes friction at BRIC summit (Nov. 13th):
The Jair Bolsonaro administration
has embraced US positions and opened a dispute with the other partners in the BRICS (block formed by Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).
In negotiations to formulate the official
declaration of the summit, which takes place on Wednesday (13) and Thursday (14), Itamaraty acts to persuade alliance members to withdraw from the document passages that contradict US interests in the Middle East.
The main points of friction caused
by Brazil's automatic alignment with the US are mention of Palestinians, unilateralism and Iran.
In addition, Brazil wants to exclude
criticism from the BRICS of the US-backed reform of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which would weaken special and differential treatment for developing countries.
Under orders from Foreign Minister
Ernesto Araújo, Brazilian diplomats are working to remove from the official statement a defense of UNWRA, the UN agency for Palestinian refugees.
In last year's Brics Summit document
in Johannesburg, the five countries of the bloc reiterated their support for UNWRA and stressed the need to secure resources for the agency, highlighting its “vital role in providing health, education and other basic services
to 5.3 million Palestinian refugees. ”
"[We] further underline its importance
in bringing stability to the region and the need to ensure more adequate, sufficient, predictable and sustainable funding for the agency," they concluded.
Now Brazil has aligned itself with
the United States and is opposed to this wording, in an action that runs counter to Russia and China.
US President Donald Trump has cut
US$ 294 million in contributions to UNRWA, hitting hospitals, schools and other essential services for Palestinian refugees.
Trump indicated that he was using
the end of financial aid to pressure Palestinian authorities to participate in negotiations with US-sponsored Israelis.
Since Trump recognized Jerusalem as
Israel's capital in December 2017, Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas has cut off all diplomatic contacts with Washington.
Brazil's attempt to veto UNWRA also
meets the wishes of another strategic ally. Citing allegations of misappropriation of funds, the Israeli government has publicly argued that the international community cuts funds from the agency.
Interlocutors who follow the negotiations
say that several items involving the Palestinian-Israeli conflict have generated tension between Brazil and the other BRICS partners.
Another point of friction is related
to Iran. According to people who follow the theme, Brazil is against the inclusion of a sentence that states that all members of the United Nations “are obliged, according to article 25 of the UN Charter, to accept and implement
UN Security Council decisions. ”
The wording - diplomats say - could
be interpreted as a criticism of the United States, as the Trump administration decided to withdraw from the nuclear deal with Iran last year.
When the agreement was reached in
2015, the UN Security Council adopted a resolution endorsing the treaty and withdrew multilateral sanctions on the Iranian nuclear program.
According to interlocutors, Brazil
resists accepting any kind of criticism of unilateralism, something that has traditionally been part of such documents and was present in the text of the last summit.
Washington, like the European Union
and Canada, imposes unilateral economic sanctions on Venezuela, measures that have not been approved by the UN Security Council.
In addition, the US has maintained
a trade embargo against Cuba since the beginning of the communist revolution on the island, in a measure deemed contrary to international law.
Last week, for the first time in 27
years, Brazil gave in to US pressure and voted against the annual UN resolution condemning the US economic embargo on Cuba. Only Israel and the United States voted in the same way as Brazil.
There are other themes that put Brazil
and the other members of the BRICS in divergent positions.
The Brazilian government has given
up special and differential treatment at the World Trade Organization (WTO) at the request of the United States, which wants to modify the mechanism so as not to give China and India unfair advantage in trade negotiations.
In return, Trump announced support
for Brazil's ambitions to begin the process of joining the OECD, the club of the rich - something that has not yet materialized.
India and China wanted to include
in the BRICS statement a critique of changes in the mechanism advocated by the US, but Brazil resisted including the position.
Another point where there was no consensus,
but this time, not because of the Brazilian position, is the expansion of the New Development Bank (NBD), the Banco dos Brics.
The leaders of the bloc wanted to
officially announce during the summit the beginning of the bank's expansion, which would gradually increase from the current five partners to 20, three from each region of the BRICS.
But Russia wants a political analysis
of the prospective members by the BRIC presidents, and is in no hurry for expansion.
Other points of disagreement — Venezuela
and the recent crisis in Bolivia — will most likely not be part of the statement, also for lack of consensus.
Brazil is isolated in recognizing
Juan Guaidó as interim president of Venezuela, while all other countries recognize the regime of dictator Nicolás Maduro as legitimate.
With regard to Bolivia, Brazil does
not consider that Evo Morales' resignation was triggered by a coup, unlike the Russian government. China is also a close ally of the Evo government.
In any case, interlocutors say, topics
like this would not normally fit into the BRICS statement.
China buys more meat and is 'confident' with Huawei in Brazil (Nov. 12th):
Western agencies like France Presse
and Reuters, hearing academics like Luis Fernandes from PUC-Rio and Oliver Stuenkel from FGV-SP, concluded that "Brazil will balance US and China at the Brics summit" and that the event "marks the recovery in
the China-Brazil relationship ".
To do so, on Tuesday, the eve of the
meeting, also via agencies, the Chinese authorities approved 13 more Brazilian refrigerators, five pork, five beef and three chicken, which will export to the country.
On the other hand, also the day before,
by Beijing's leading private financial news vehicle Caixin with Bloomberg, "China is 'confident' that Brazil will allow Huawei to build its 5G mobile network."
The words come from China's ambassador
Yang Wanming, for whom the Brazilian attitude has remained "objective and rational" amid the US campaign of "bad faith and defamation" against Huawei over the past year.
Brazil recognizes senator as president of Bolivia, says chancellor (Nov. 12th):
Foreign Minister Ernesto Araújo
said on Tuesday night that Brazil recognizes Bolivian Senator Jeanine Añez as the legitimate interim president of the neighboring country.
The congresswoman declared herself
head of the Executive on the basis of a controversial interpretation of the constitutional rules of the country and the Senate regiment, in the wake of the succession crisis opened with the resignation of former President
"The presidency was declared
vacant, and she [Añez] assumed the presidency of the Senate, which was also vacant. And she constitutionally assumes the presidency. So this is our perception that the Bolivian Constitution is being followed,"
"Interim, of course, I think the commitment to call elections is important. So our first perception is that the Bolivian
constitutional rite is being fulfilled, and we want it to contribute to pacification and normalization in the country."
Áñez said he had assumed
the presidency even without the Bolivian Senate or House of Representatives meeting the necessary quorum to establish it.
According to her interpretation of
the rule, given the resignation of the president and first vice president of the Senate, the regiment allows her, the second vice president of the Senate, to take command of the House.
Adriana Salvatierra was president
of the Senate until last Sunday, when she accompanied Evo and resigned, as was the first vice president of the Senate. Añez would then become president of the House.
The Constitution of Bolivia determines
that, in case of absence of the president of the country, assumes the vice president. In his absence, the Presidency is held first by the Senate leader and, subsequently, by the House. The point is that they all resigned along
with the former president.
In a controversial interpretation
of the two regiments, when becoming president of the Senate, Añez says that he would also reach the presidency, since the positions of president and vice are vacant.
"Our understanding is that all
the rites are being performed. Therefore she assumes legally," said the Brazilian chancellor.
Añez arrived at the Bolivian
Assembly early in the afternoon, escorted by officers of the Armed Forces. She stated that "the decision of the legislature as to who will be the interim president who will prepare the transition is a priority."
The first part of the parliamentary
session tried to bring the deputies together, but it was not possible. According to the Assembly's communication team, 80% of the required voting presence was reached.
Evo ran for a fourth presidential
term in the October 20 elections, and was named the winner after an inquiry marked by comings and goings of fraud. An OAS (Organization of American States) report, released on Sunday (10), pointed to problems in counting votes.
Following the release of the report,
Evo said he would call for new elections, but still failed to gain the support of the military, who publicly suggested that he resign.