Politics in Brazil
Monday, November 18th, 2019
President Jair Bolsonaro: Cláudio Luciano Dusik, Psychologist at the Municipal Secretary of Education of Esteio (RS) at 10:15am. YaoWei, Huawei CEO of Brazil at 11am. Paulo Guedes, Minister of State for Finance at 2pm. André Luiz de Almeida, Federal Government's Attorney at 3pm. Abraham Weintraub, Minister of State for Education at 4pm. José Múcio Monteiro, President of the Federal Court of Auditors; and João Augusto Nardes, Minister of the Federal Court of Auditors at 5pm.
Minister Ernesto Araújo: Sectorial Ministerial Meeting at the Civil House of the Presidency of the Republic (Chief of Staff's Office) at 9am. Accompany the President of the Republic in audience to the President of Huawei of Brazil, Mr. Yao Wei at 11am. Meeting with advisors at 12pm. Internal orders at 4pm.
New party and digital signatures (November 18th)
President Jair Bolsonaro is leaving the PSL and wants to create a new party. He will face a problem that affects tens of millions of people and businesses: the difficulty of doing anything using digital signatures in Brazil.
As it is known, to create a party , one needs to collect signatures corresponding to 0.5% of the valid votes in the most recent election. That gives 500,000 people. One must also collect signatures in all states, with at least 0.1% of the electorate in each state.
It is not an easy task. As a result, former PSL members had the good idea of using an app to collect signatures digitally. The point is that they will fail.
There are two reasons for this. The first is that the TSE (Superior Electoral Court) has already said that to create a party via digital signature, it is necessary to use the "digital certification" model.
The second reason is that this “digital certification” is monopolized in Brazil. This monopoly is exercised by a public agency of the federal government itself, called ITI (Institute of Information Technology). ITI is responsible for coordinating the shameful “digital certificate” in Brazil, which is sold by private entities registered through it. A digital certificate costs between R$ 120 and R$ 250 and needs to be renewed periodically.
The result is that with this exorbitant price, there are less than 3.78 million digitally certified people in the country (less than 2% of the population). Detail: This certification model has been in existence since 2001.
After more than 18 years, it remains stagnant, with 98% of the Brazilian population excluded from it.
Obviously, the negative impact goes beyond party creation. Without a digital way to sign documents and prove identities, Brazilian public services remain in the stone age, doomed to be rendered on paper and require the physical presence of the citizen every time a new procedure is initiated.
In addition, the private sector is also in a cast, facing legal uncertainty whenever it uses other forms of certification than the monopolized by the official "digital certificate".
Since 2001, when the certificate was regulated in Brazil, technology has totally changed. Today it is possible to use blockchain and a multitude of other ways to prove the identity and validity of an electronic signature. Even so, the ITI model remains treated as legally superior to all other available forms.
With that said there is a suggestion to Bolsonaro: to solve not only his specific problem of creating a party but also the problem of more than 200 million Brazilians who do not have a digital certificate.
There are several ways to do this. One is by repealing the provisions of the provisional measure 2,200-2, which regulates the ITI. This will pave the way for numerous forms of digital certification to flourish, which can be created by both government and the private sector. With this, besides creating his party digitally, it also will be laid the cornerstone to revolutionize the efficiency of public services and private transactions in the country.
The Bolsonarist Party (November 18th)
When Bolsonaro's crisis with the PSL intensified, I wrote that this could be a turning point in Bolsonarism.
If Bolsonaro left the PSL and joined a normal democratic party, such as the DEM, it would mean that he had settled for governing by respecting the institutions. But if he chose to found a “pure” Bolsonarist movement, he would make it clear that his plan was to destroy the institutions of Brazilian democracy.
The decision to create the Alliance for Brazil (APB), an extremist party whose membership condition is blind loyalty to Bolsonaro, was a decisive step in the second direction.
If you suppose Bolsonaro intends to govern within the institutions, I would like to hear your explanation for the decision to split the president's party in half, which was tied with the PT in the House's highest post.
Bolsonaro did this because he wants to run coalition presidentialism? Does this facilitate the approval of any reform? I think not.
As with many other Bolsonaro measures, it is either scamming or a level of stupidity never seen before. And I don't think Bolsonaro is dumb.
The APB makes no sense as a democratic governing party. There is not a single cadre who had any chance of being appointed minister in a government with average hygienic standards.
Ideologically, it advocates a “pure” olavism from which most government supporters make a point of turning away. And, by the way, you'll have a hard time legalizing in time for next year's elections, unless you're already born on the basis of dishonesty.
But as a coup move, it gets boring as typical. The machine will be run by Eduardo Bolsonaro on behalf of his father. Son of a powerful dictator becomes a cliché. Eduardo makes no secret of his sympathy for the authoritarianism of Viktor Orban's Hungarian government, and is the representative in Brazil of the tramp charlatan Steve Bannon.
The Congressman Daniel Silveira, of Rio de Janeiro, joined the group. Last week, he tweeted that if they needed a corporal or a soldier to close the STF, he would volunteer. Silveira is one of the grown men who tore the plaque with the name of Marielle Franco during the 2018 campaign.
Deputada Bia Kicis , Federal District representative, also joined the group. It was she who proposed the repeal of the cane PEC (amendment to the Constitution), which would reduce the retirement age of the STF (Supreme Court) justices and copy the proposal of the authoritarian government of Poland. And the new party responds to the call of Olavo de Carvalho to form a strictly Bolsonarian militancy, to defend the boss in any and every situation.
According to a note published on the website of Época magazine, Bolsonaro wants the party directories in the states to be controlled by the military. It does not make it any easier to win election. But it may facilitate a coup.
It will be a shame, by the way, if the military agrees to collaborate.
That is why Bolsonaro reduced the Brazilian right: Olavo course, coup d'état and torn Marielle plates. Here is my suggestion for the slogan of the new party.
And that's the answer I want and no one gives me: if I support some Guedes reform, am I helping this class to consolidate in power in 2022?
Lula wants to talk to the military or their interlocutors (November 18th)
The former President Lula wants to pursue dialogue with the military or with their partners. The petista already in jail said he does not understand what he considers a new attitude of most of the Armed Forces on issues such as privatization.
Lula also wants to understand the animosity of sectors of the Armed Forces against him and the party.
At the time when the STF (Supreme Court) voted the habeas corpus in which Lula asked not to be arrested, in 2018, the then army commander, General Eduardo Villas Bôas, even wrote a message on Twitter condemning “impunity”. . And saying that the military was attentive "to their institutional missions."
The message was understood as an attempt to pressure the Supreme Court to allow Lula to be arrested - which eventually occurred.
With Brics more 'cohesive than G7', Bolsonaro leaves Trump for Xi Jinping (November 18th)
In the Brics summit title in the Wall Street Journal , "In Turn, Brazil Deepens Ties with China." Saying that "Jair Bolsonaro's change comes after disappointments with US," he explained:
"This year, until October, Brazil has a trade surplus of US$ 21.5 billion with China and a deficit of US$ 1.1 billion with the US."
Also for other Western newspapers, such as Le Monde , the “step change is evident,” citing what Bolsonaro was talking about China in the campaign and the “sweet eyes” he directed at Xi Jinping now.
In German Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung , "Putin, Xi and Bolsonaro Face Trump." It underlines that the group has approved a "series of anti-US positions", for example, questioning protectionism and recognizing climate change.
From agencies like Reuters and AFP the environment is the same. For FGV (Getulio Vargas Institute) analyst Oliver Stuenkel , the summit showed Brics “more aligned and cohesive than the G7”, whose statement could not even support multilateralism.
BOLSONARO & MODI
In his statement, the Hindu Indian pointed out that the Brics "rejected protectionism" and, in the second statement, "As its economy weakens, Brazil seeks close trade ties with China and India."
Indian newspapers paid particular attention to Prime Minister Modi's invitation to Bolsonaro for Republic Day in New Delhi in January.