The Republic of Korea was established in 1948 and its
government was recognized by the United Nations through the General Assembly
Resolution 195. The United Nations played a key role in the birth of the
Republic of Korea through such missions as monitoring the first general
election and other reconstruction programs.
When the Korean War broke out in June 1950, the United
Nations intervened, under Security Council Resolution 82, by sending armed
forces to repel the Communists' aggression. It was the first undertaking of its
kind in the history of the United Nations. Now, almost 50 years after the
Korean armistice, a UN command is still present on the Korean Peninsula.
Since the armistice of 1953, the Korean issue had been one of
the most controversial subjects of debate between the western and pro-Soviet
blocks at the UN. Applications by the Republic of Korea to become a member of
the UN were blocked. It was only in 1991 that both the ROK and the DPRK were
simultaneously admitted to the UN as the Cold War structure of global politics
Since its admission to the UN, the ROK has made significant
contributions to the work of the UN through peacekeeping operations,
development and the promotion of human rights. In particular, the United
Nations recognized the ROK's efforts toward peace and reconciliation during the
Millennium Summit of the UN, held in New York in early September 2000, through
the adoption by the Co-Chairpersons of the Summit of a special statement
welcoming the inter-Korean summit and encouraging its follow-up measures. On
October 31, 2000 the General Assembly adopted a resolution entitled
"Peace, Security and Unification on the Korean Peninsula,"
co-sponsored by 157 nations, including both Koreas. The Republic of Korea
remains firm in its goal of establishing permanent peace on the peninsula and
contributing to the stability and prosperity of the region and beyond.